The Best Method For Drilling Water Wells With PVC Pipe

By Judy Sullivan

Few things are as important to maintain life as water. Even though there is an abundance of this natural resource on the planet, much of the fresh aquifers lie deep underground. This is why drilling water wells is so critical in the world today to help provide this natural resource to people so they can stay alive and flourish.

What many people often do not realize is that many times there is an abundance of it right under their feet. Most wells are no more than 60-70 feet deep and a shallow well is often half this at 30 feet. At this depth it is reasonably easy to use common PVC pipe and some elbow grease and a garden hose to get down to it.

There is a real possibility that the water you discover at this depth is not safe enough to drink and use for preparing food. You should plan to have any well you are digging tested for possible contaminates or bacteria. This is vital even when it is installed by a professional driller.

The common size of piping used for this is 2 inch, if you are planning to go deep it is typically best to start with a 3 inch pipe. Start by beginning the bore hole using your 2 inch or 3 inch piping. This is accomplished by pumping slurry down the drill pipe while it is rotated forcefully in clockwise then counter-clockwise directions.

The displaced dirt and various other materials are washed from the hole with the flowing slurry down your pipe and out of the sides of your hole. If you notch out the bottom ring of the pipe to break apart the dirt this becomes even easier while twisting and turning your pipe. As you start going further down, work your pipe up and down than side to side and keep twisting it to prevent the shaft from collapsing.

After your pilot hole is dug out and cleaned up you need to have some sort of well screen for it to be serviceable. This stops the hole from filling in while stopping dirt and rocks from being drawn up the pipeline. These can be bought in many home improvement stores or one can easily be made by cutting slats in a piece of 1 1/2 inch pipe and wrapping it in burlap cloth.

The hole also has to be capped to prevent your aquifer source from contamination from outside environmental contaminant sources. This is done by filling around the pipe with gravel and sand up to about 5 feet from the top. The remaining 5 feet are filled with a concrete or mortar based slurry to seal it tightly and form a small pad for a pump to sit on.

Even if your well does not have fresh drinking water, it can still be used for things like watering the lawn or garden, washing clothes or to put in pools and water features. Many times drilling water wells in your back yard can dramatically reduce how much you use. This can save families money while helping the planet save a precious natural resource.

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